TỪ ĐỒNG NGHĨA-TRÁI NGHĨA TRONG TIẾNG ANH

TỪ ĐỒNG NGHĨA-TRÁI NGHĨA TRONG TIẾNG ANH

715 23/03/2020

SYNONYM- ANTONYM 

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

Question 1. Face-to-face socializing is not as preferred as virtual socializing among the youth.

     A. instant                       B. available                   C. direct                         D. facial

Question 2: With so many daily design resources, how do you stay-up-date with technology without spending too much time on it?

     A. connect to the Internet all day                        B. update new status

     C. use social network daily                                 D. get latest information

Question 3: How many countries took part in the last Olympic Games?

     A. participated               B. succeeded                 C. hosted                       D. performed

Question 4: The trouble with Frank is that he never turns up on time for a meeting.

     A. get out                       B. turn on                      C. arrives                       D. get over

Question 5: To absorb a younger workforce, many companies offered retirement plans as incentives for older workers to retire and make way for the young ones who earned lower salary.

     A. rewards                     B. opportunities              C. motives                                 D. encouragements

Question 6: How on earth could they do away with a lovely old building like that and put a car park there instead?                                                                                                                       

     A. keep                          B. destroy                       C. decrease                    D. upgrade

Question 7: At times, I look at him and wonder what is going on his mind.

     A. Never                        B. Always                      C. Hardly                       D. Sometimes

Question 8: We went away on holiday last week, but in rained day in day out.

     A. every other day         B. every single day        C. every second day      D. every two days

Question 9: He was attentive as Betsy and I talked about our charity concert to help the victims of the recent floods.

     A. perceptive                 B. indifferent                 C. interested                  D. negligent

Question 10: My father hit the roof when he found that I'd damaged the car.

     A. was over the moon  B. burst with anger        C. went with the flow    D. kept his shirt on

Question 11. The air is naturally contaminated by foreign matter such as plant pollens and dust.

   A. polluted                          B. occupied                     C. filled                                                               D. concentrated

Question 12. John, could you look after my handbag while I go out for a minute.

   A. take part in                     B. take over                     C. take place                    D. take care of

Question 13. Primary education in the United States is compulsory.

   A. free of charge             B. required                                 C. necessary                  D. optional

Question 14. Tim are leaving for Canada for good. He will never live in Britain again.

  A. permanently                 B. for a short time           C. for better thing            D. for a bright future

Question 15: Do I look absurd in this hat?

  A. silly                                B. funny                             C. abnormal                    D. uncommon

Question 16: My parents are very down to earth.

  A. sensible and practical    B. Strict                              C. easy-going                  D. formal

Question 17. It’s a really difficult matter to decide how to solve now. I will need time to think it twice

  A. to think it over            B. to make it better            C. to make up for it        D. to think out of time

Question 18. “He insisted on listening to the entire story.”

 A. part                                B. funny                         C. whole                                   D. interesting

Question 19: When the protestor entered the meeting clad only in a beach tower, the audience was dumbfounded.

     A. speechless                 B. excited                      C. content                       D. applauding

Question 20: She is always diplomatic when she deals with angry students.

     A. strict                          B. outspoken                 C. tactful                        D. firm

Question 21: The dog saw his reflection in the pool of water.

     A. imagination               B. bone                          C. leash                          D. image

Question 22: We can use either verbal or non-verbal forms of communication.

     A. using gesture             B. using speech             C. using verbs                 D. using facial expressions

Question 23: We are a very close- knit family.

     A. need each other.                                             B. are close to each other.

C. have very close relationship with each other.       D. are polite to each other.

Question 24: It is believed that the plane crash was caused by electrical malfunction of its navigation system.

    A breaking through           B: breaking in               C: breaking down          D: breaking up

Question 25: Billy, come and give me a hand with cooking.

   A be busy                        B: attempt                                    C: prepare                     D: help

Question 26: When the police arrived the thieves took to flight leaving all the stolen things behind.

     A. did away                   B. climbed on                 C. took away                  D. ran away

Question 27: Please, you are so nervous, do try to contain your anger.

     A. hold back                  B. consult                      C. consume                   D. contact

Question 28: After many year of unsuccessfully endeavoring to form his own orchestra, Glenn Miller finally achieved world fame in 1939 as a big band leader.'

  A. requesting                    B: trying                         C: offering                     D: deciding

Question 29: Few businesses are flourishing in the present economic climate.

     A. taking off                  B. setting up                     C. growing well           D. closing down

Question 30: The education system is a mirror that reflects the culture.

     A. points                        B. explains                    C. shows                        D. gets

Question 31: It is an occasion when strength and sports are tested, friendship and solidarity was built and deepened.

     A. practice                     B. power                        C. will                            D. competence

Question 32: It is such a prestigious university that only excellent students are entitled to a full scholarship each year.

     A. have the right to refuse                                   B. are given the right to

     C. are refused the right to                                    D. have the obligation to

Question 33: The repeated commercials on TV distract many viewers from watching their favorite films.

     A. economics                B. businesses                 C. contests                     D. advertisements

Question 34: My uncle, who is an accomplished guitarist, taught me how to play.

     A. famous                     B. modest                      C. skillful                      D. perfect

Question 35: I received housing benefit when I was unemployed.

     A. out of practice          B. out of order               C. out of fashion           D. out of work

Question 36: That is the instance where big, obvious non-verbal signals are appropriate.

     A. matter                       B. place                         C. attention                    D. situation

Question 37: The maintenance of these old castles must cost a lot of money.

     A. building                    B. foundation                C. destruction                D. preservation

Question 38: People in the mountainous areas are still in the habit of destroying forests for cultivation.

     A. planting                     B. farming                     C. industry                     D. wood

Question 39: Important features of dehydrated foods are their lightness in weight and their compactness.

     A. organic                      B. dried                         C. frozen                       D. healthy

Question 40. Many people criticized the ostentatious lifestyle of some high-ranked officials.

     A. debauched                B. immoral                    C. showy                       D. extravagant

 

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

Question 1: The Vietnamese consider it rude to interrupt a person while he is talking.

     A. bad mannered           B. polite                         C. uneducated               D. ignorant

Question 2: Differently from English taught to all Vietnamese students, Chinese and Russian have been made optional languages taught at secondary schools in Vietnam.

     A. compulsory               B. important                  C. comfortable              D. necessary

Question 3: In some societies, language is associated with social class and education. People judge one’s level in society by the kind of language used.

     A. connected with         B. not allowed by          C. separated from          D. dissimilar to

Question 4: There was a long period without rain in the countryside last year so the harvest was poor.

     A. epidemic                   B. drought                     C. famine                      D. flood

Question 5: She performed all her duties conscientiously . She often gives enough care to her work.

     A. irresponsibly             B. liberally                     C. responsibly               D. insensitively

Question 6: Their classmates are writing letters of acceptance.

     A. agree                         B. confirmation             C. refusal                       D. admission

Question 7: If one fails to achieve a goal, his or her efforts are fruitless.

     A. profitable                  B. futile                         C. purposeful                D. useless

Question 8: Hazardous waste is waste that has substantial or potential threats to public health or the environment.

     A. vivid                         B. risky                          C. dangerous                 D. secure

Question 9: Doctors have criticized the government for failing to invest enough in the health service.

     A. praised                      B. blamed                      C. accused                     D. commented

Question 10: The company will only employ competent engineers, so they want to see evidence of their work as well the references from previous employers.

     A. proficient                  B. inconvenient             C. ambitious                  D. unqualified

Question 11: We ought to keep these proposals secret from the chairman for the time being.

     A. revealed                    B. frequented                C. accessible                  D. lively

Question 12: They protested about the inhumane treatment of the prisoners.

     A. vicious                      B. warm-hearted            C. callous                      D. cold-blooded

Question 13: John was so insubordinate that he lost his job in one week.

    A. understanding            B. fresh                          C. obedient                    D. disobedient

Question 14: He had never experienced such discourtesy towards the president as it occurred at the annual meeting in May.

   A. rudeness                      B. measurement             C. encouragement            D. politeness

Question 15: The bank announced that it was to merge with another of the high street banks.'

  A. associate                         B. separate                        C. cooperate                    D. assemble

Question 16: In remote communities, it's important to replenish stocks before the winter sets in.

  A. remake                          B. empty                        C. refill                         D. repeat

Question 17: I didn't take a deliberate decision to lose weight. It just happened.

     A. calculated                 B. planned                     C. accidental                    D. intentional

Question 18: The position fell vacant when Rodman was promoted.

     A. bright                        B. obscure                     C. worthless                   D. occupied

Question 19:  Unless the two signatures are identical, the bank won’t allow you to withdraw your money.

    A.  genuine                        B.  different                       C.  similar                             D.  fake

Question 20: The nominating committee always meet behind closed doors, lest its deliberations become known prematurely.

     A. privately                   B. safely                        C. publicly                     D. dangerously

Question 21: She was unhappy that she lost contact with a lot of her old friends went she went abroad to study.

     A. made room for          B. put in charge of         C. got in touch of          D. lost control of

Question 22: The police have concluded tentatively that the explosion was caused by a bomb. 

     A. differently                B. hesitantly                  C. certainly                    D. temporarily

Question 23: The palace was badly damaged by fire, but was eventually restored to its original splendor.

     A. refurbished               B. devastated                 C. strengthened              D. renovated

Question 24. The earth is being threatened and the future looks bad

      A. done                            B. made                            C. defended                      D. varied

Question 25. Traffic congestion in large cities seems to be a problem that is insoluble.

      A. easily seen                  B. easily experienced        C. easily found                 D. easily solved

Question 26: Our new neighbour is cold fish.

A. displeased             B. friendly                      C. unsympathetic         D. hard to please

Question 27: My roommate always puts off the washing up until there aren’t any clean plates left.

A. speeds up                 B. quickens                       C. rushes to do         D. hurls

Question 28: They believe that life will be far better than it is today, so they tend to look on the bright side in any circumstance.

     A. be confident             B. be smart                    C. be optimistic             D. be pessimistic

Question 29: English is a compulsory. subject in most of the schools in Vietnam.

     A. required                    B. optional                     C. paid                           D. dependent

Question 30: “That is a well-behaved boy whose behaviour has nothing to complain about”.

     A. behaving cleverly                                           B. good behavior

     C. behaving nice.                                                D. behaving improperly

Question 31: “It is a really difficult matter for pessimists to decide how to solve now”.

     A. operators                   B. optimists                   C. opportunists              D. opponents

Question 32: Most universities have trained counselors who can reassure and console students who have academic or personal problems.

     A. satisfy                        B. sympathize                C. please                                    D. discourage

Question 33: I don’t know what they are going to ask in the job interview. I’ll just play it by ear.

     A. plan well in advance      B. be careful about it            C. listen to others saying    D. do not plan beforehand

Question 34: His rude comments made other Facebookers very angry.

     A. pleasant                    B. honest                       C. polite                         D. kind

Question 35. Traffic congestion in large cities seems to be a problem that is insoluble.

    A. easily seen                B. easily experienced     C. easily found                 D. easily solved

Question 36. He is extremely smart. He’s head and shoulders above anyone else in the class.

    A. more clever than       B. superior to                  C. inferior to                  D. better than

Question 37. Children from affluent families find it too difficult to adapt to university dormitory life.

  A. Wealthy                      B. Well-off                     C. Privileged                    D. Impoverished

Question 38. The news has been greeted with dismay by local business leaders.

 A. disappointment            B. depression                  C. happiness                 D. pessimism

Question 39. Allow me to fill your glass.

 A. remake                         B. empty                         C. refill                         D. repeat

Question 40: This speedy and secure service of transferring money can be useful.

     A. slow                          B. rapid                         C. careful                      D. hurried

Question 41: Our well- trained staff are always courteous to customers.

     A. helpful                      B. friendly                     C. rude                          D. polite

Question 42. ‘What I’ve got to say to you now is strictly off the record and most certainly not for publication,’ said the government official to the reporter.

     A. already official         B. beside the point         C. not popular               D. not recorded

Question 43. These were the people who advocated using force to stop school violence.

     A. publicly said             B. openly criticized       C. publicly supported    D. strongly condemned

Question 44: This boy is poorly-educated and doesn’t know how to behave properly.

     A. ignorant                    B. uneducated               C. knowledgeable          D. rude

Question 45: Urbanization is the shift of people moving from rural to urban areas, and the result is the growth of cities.

     A. transposition             B. maintenance              C. variation                    D. movement

Question 47: Fruit and vegetables grew in abundance on the island. The islanders even exported the surplus.

     A. small quantity           B. large quantity            C. excess                       D. sufficiency

Question 48. The earth is being threatened and the future looks bad

      A. done                                 B. made                                C. defended                       D. varied

 

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