Unit 3 : Ways of socialising

I. phonetics

1. Choose the word with the different pronunciation of the underlined part.

1.         A. job                          B. doctor                     C. follow                     D. obvious

2.         A. educate                   B. engineer                  C. acceptable               D. department

3.         A. hear                        B. dear                        C. teacher                    D. appear

4.         A. travel                      B. across                      C. company                 D. assistant

5.         A. charity                    B. architect                  C. chemistry                D. mechanic

6.         A. ways                       B. pictures                   C. questions                D. airports

7.         A. hands                      B. brothers                  C. choices                    D. situations

8.         A. needed                   B. waited                    C. pointed                   D. considered

9.         A. signal                      B. raise                                    C. whistle                    D. instance

10.       A. decision                  B. situation                  C. attention                  D. qualification


2. Choose the word with the different stress pattern.

11.       A. status                      B. detail                      C. patient                    D. address

12.       A. essential                  B. attention                 C. appearance              D. photograph

13.       A. certainly                 B. interview                C. experience              D. secretary

14.       A. hotel                       B. library                     C. textile                     D. workplace

15.       A. focus                      B. prepare                    C. travel                      D. mention

16.       A. agency                    B. mechanic                C. ambitious                D. department

17.       A. officer                    B. hospital                   C. argument               D. employer

18.       A. education               B. comparative                        C. receptionist             D. appropriate

19.       A. helpful                    B. discuss                    C. lawyer                     D. singer

20.       A. marvel                    B. conduct                  C. neglect                    D. protect


II. vocabulary

1.      Choose the word which best fits each gap of the sentence.

21. The family has a very important role in .................... children.

            A. social                      B. socialist                   C. socializing               D. socialism

22. I tried not to draw ................ to the weak points in my argument.

            A. attention                 B. notion                     C. intention                D. attraction

23. Buckingham Palace is a major tourist ............... in London.

            A. attract                     B. attraction                C. attractive                D. attractiveness

24. You owe him a(n) ................ for what you said.

            A. signal                      B. apology                   C. discussion               D. compliment

25.  She’s the obvious ................ for the job.

            A. person                     B. getter                      C. choice                     D. instance

26. Some people think it is ................. to ask someone’s age.

            A. impolite                  B. impatient                C. impossible               D. impractical

27. The news was greeted with a lack of ............... by those at the meeting.

            A. keeness                   B. politeness                C. enthusiasm              D. recommendation

28. Please be ............... to all people at the party.

            A. polite                      B. honest                     C. pleased                   D. confident

29. Shaking hands is a ................. greeting.

            A. normal                    B. formal                     C. abnormal                 D. conventional

30. Most people really hate being late ................. appointments.

            A. in                            B. on                           C. for                           D. about


2.      Choose the word which best fits each gap of the passage.

Non-verbal communication, or ‘body language’, is communication by facial expressions, head or eye movements, hand signals and body (31) ................. . It can be just as important to understand (32) ............. words are. Misunderstandings – often amusing (33) ................ sometimes serious – can arise between people from different cultures if they misinterpret non-verbal signals. For example, take the differences in meaning of a gesture (34) .............. is very common in the United States: a circle made ............... okay. To a Japanese, it means that you are talking (36) .............. money. In France, it means that something is worthless. Meanwhile in Greece, it is an obscene gesture. Therefore, an American could unknowingly offend a Greek by using that particular hand signal.

The following incident illustrates how conflicting non-verbal signals can (37) ............... serious misunderstandings. While lecturing to his poetry class at Ain Shams University in Cairo, a British professor became (38) ............. relaxed that he learned back in his chair and revealed the bottom of his food to the astonished class. making such a gesture in Molesm society is the worst kind of insult. The next day, the Cairo newspapers carried headlines (39) ............. the student demonstration that resulted and they denounced British arrogance. They demanded that the prolfessor (40) ............... sent home.

31.       A. pastures                  B. pictures                   C. postures                  D. matures

32.       A. as                            B. less                          C. more                       D. than

33.       A. unless                     B. but                          C. although                 D. in order to

34.       A. who                                    B. where                      C. why                        D. that

35.       A. is                             B. are                           C. was                                     D. were

36.       A. around                    B. about                      C. among                     D. ahead

37.       A. do                           B. refuse                      C. cause                       D. reveal

38.       A. such                        B. so                            C. very                        D. too

39.       A. on                           B. up                           C. to                            D. about

40.       A. be                           B. is                             C. being                       D. been


II. grammar

1.      Choose the word or phrase which best fits each gap of the sentence.

41. Angie warned me not ............. anyone what she had told me.

            A. tell                          B. telling                     C. to tell                      D. to telling

42. It was not until she arrived at school ............. realized she had forgotten her book.

            A. she                          B. when she                C. and she                   D. that she

43. Anna ................ drinks coffee, but this morning she is having one.

            A. often                       B. rarely                      C. sometimes               D. occasionally

44. I haven’t seen her ............... she was a little girl.

            A. as                            B. when                       C. since                       D. while

45. Please .............. me a favour.

            A. take                        B. carry                       C. make                       D. do

46. I have never ................ any experience of living in the countryside.

            A. had                                     B. wished                    C. done                       D. made

47. He asked me ............... I had been waiting for him.

            A. when                      B. since when              C. how far                   D. how long

48. .................. will it strike? – In ten minutes’ time.

            A. When                      B. How                       C. How much              D. How fast

49. When I was a child, I always wanted to ............... to play the guitar.

            A. do                           B. made                       C. learn                        D. like

50. .................., the sky became dark and it started to rain.

            A. Immediately           B. At times                  C. All at once              D. Occasionally


2.      Choose the word or phrase which best fits each gap of the passage.

I (51).............. by Mr. J. Gerald Cowcamper’s house one day and was greeted by a rather old-looking dog. She was a gentle beast (52) ............... wagged her tail as she pushed her nose against my hand.

“What’s her (53) ................. ?” I asked.

“I call her ‘Dog Face’,” replied the old (54) .................. .

“(55) ................. do you call het that?” I inquired.

“ Isn’t it obvious ?” asked Mr. Cowcamper.

“ Not really.”

Mr. Cowcamper cradle the old animal’s head in his hands. “If you (56) ................ at just the right angle, you can see that seens to have a dog’s face,” he (57) ............. .

“ But she is a (58) ................!” I said.

“Shhhh!” Mr. Cowcamper responded with the loudest whisper I have ever(59) .............. . Don’t let her hear you say that!”

I said (60) ................, because I didn’t know what to say.

51.       A. ran                          B.went                        C. carried                    D. stopped

52.       A. who                                    B. what                       C. when                       D. where

53.       A. age                          B. bread                      C. name                       D. problem

54.       A. dog                                     B. cow                                     C. lady                        D. gentleman

55.       A. How                       B. Why                        C. Where                     D. When

56.       A. call                          B. look                        C. listen                       D. wonder

57.       A. knew                      B. asked                      C. smelled                   D. explained

58.       A. dog                         B. female                     C. person                     D. potato

59.       A. seen                                    B. found                      C. spoken                    D. heard

60.       A. yes                          B. here                         C. words                     D. nothing


IV. reading comprehension

1.      Read the passage and choose the best answer.

In the United States and Canada, it is very important to look a person directly in the eyes when you are having conversation with him or her. If you look down or to the side when the other person is talking, that person will think that you are not interested in what he or she is saying. This, of cause, is not polite. If you look down or to the side when you are talking, you may appear to be hiding something; that is, it might seem that you are not honest.

However, people who are speaking will sometimes look away for a few seconds when they are thinking or trying to find the right word. But they always turn immediately back to look the listener directly in the eyes. These social ‘rules’ are the same for two men, two women, aman and a woman or a dult and a child.

61. In the US and Canada, when you are having a conversation with someone,

            A. do not look directly in the eyes.

            B. it is impolite to look at the eyes of the speaker or hearer,

            C. you should look him or her directly in the eyes.

            D. you should look away.

62. If you look down or to the side when the other person talking,

            A. you will be thought to be not interested in the conversation.

            B. you are very interested in what is being said.

            C. you are very polite.

            D. you are interested in the person.

63. If you look down or to the side when you are talking,

            A. the Americans are interested in you.

            B. you are thought to be dishonest.

            C. you are very polite.

            D. you are interested in the conversation.

64. The speakers will sometimes to look away because.

            A. they want to end the conversation.

            B. they think that the hearers are not honest.

            C. the hearers are interested in what is being said.

            D. they are thinking or finding the right word.

65. These social ‘rules’ are

A. for men only.

B. for women ony.

C. for children only.

D. the same for everybody.

2. Read the passage and choose the best answer.

If you invite an American friend to join you to have dinner in a restaurant, phone the restaurant first to find out if you need a reservation to avoid a long wait for a table. To make a reservation, just give your name, the number of people in your group and the time you plan to arrive. When you invite someone to dinner, you should be prepared to pay the bill and reach for it when it arries.

However, if you coompanion insists on paying his or her share, do not get into argument about it. Some people prefer to pay their own way so that they do not feel indebted and those feelings should be respected. In most American restaurants, the waiter’s and waitress’ tip is not added to the bill. If the service is adequate, it is customary to leave a tip equal to about 15% of the bill. In expensive restaurants, leave a bit more.

66. When you invite an American friend to have dinner i na restaurant,

            A. a reservation is not necessary.

            B. you should make a reservation

            C. there are always many tables available  for you.

            D. you always have to wait for along time.

67. What should you do to make a reservation?

            A. Give the name, the time and how many people to arrive.

            B. Give the name, the time and the address.

            C. Give the name, the time, the address and the telephone number.

            D. Give the address and the name only.

68. When you invite someone to dinner, you should

            A. let him pay himself.

            B. prepare to pay the bill.

            C. share the bill with your guest.

            D. give the bill your guest.

69. If your companion would like to pay his share,

            A. do not agree.

            B. it will be polite.

            C. you should let him pay as he expects.

                D. you should argue with him.

70. In most American restaurants,

            A. the tip is added to the bill.

            B. waiters or waitresses never get the tip.

            C. you should not give the tip to the waiters or the waitresses.

            D. the tip is about 15% of the bill


V. use of english

1. Choose the underlined word or phrase in each sentence that needs correcting.

71. It (A) was (B) a long time (C) since we (D) talked to John.

72. (A) Have you ever (B) made (C) any (D) scientific research?

73. (A) Not all films are (B) done to tell stories (C) or to be (D) shown in theatres.

74. Terry (A) asked (B) his wife (C) when she (D) thought the meat was all right.

75. The girl asked him (A) if he (B) was (C) online (D) the day before.

76. The hostess (A) did every efford (B) to see that her guests got (C) the foods and (D) drinks they wanted.

77. Because they (A) have moved away, they (B) hardly never go to (C) the beach any (D) more.

78. We insist on (A) you (B) leaving the meeting (C) before any (D) further outburst.

79. (A) Advertisements have (B) grown (C) because of the need (D) for it has grown.

80. My (A) little sister’ (B) s birthday (C) is (D) in September 5th.


2.      Choose the correct sentence with the same meaning as the one in italics.

81. When they arrived, the good seats were already taken.

            A. They didn’t get good seats because they arrived too late.

            B. They arrived late enough to get good seats.

            C. They had to stand for a long time to have good seats.

            D. They couldn’t get good seats although they arrived early.

82. By next August, Charles will have worked here for ten years.

            A. Charles no longer works here.

            B. Charles is at present working here.

            C. Charles has now worked here for ten years.

            D. Charles is going to work here for the next ten years.

83. He said, “ I’m sorry I have to leave so early.”

            A. He apologized for having to leave early.

            B. He regretted not leaving earlier.

            C. He left early and he feels sorry now.

            D. He apologized for not leaving earlier.

84. “Let’s go to the cinema tonight,” said Jane.

            A. Jane wanted us to go to the cinema that night.

            B. Jane invited us to go to the cinema that night.

            C. Jane suggested going to the cinema that night.

            D. Jane allowed us to go to the cinema that night.

85. No sooner had they found her telephone number than they called her.

            A. They found her telephone number as soon as they called her.

            B. They called her because they found her telephone number.

            C. They found her telephone number sooner.

            D. They called her as soon as they found her telephone number.

86. Anna never wants to see another horror film.

            A. Anna hasn’t seen a horror film.

            B. Anna has enjoyed all the horror films she has seen.

            C. Anna is tired of seeing horror films.

            D. Anna is worried not to miss the next horror film.

87. “Please don’t go out  now.”

            A. I don’t want to go out now.

            B. I woudn’t like to go out now.

            C. I had better not to go out now.

            D. I’d rather you didn’t go out now.

88. He said, “I didn’t steal the car. I just borrowed it.”

            A. He denied stealing the car but admitted borrowing it.

            B. He admitted borrowing but stealing the car.

            C. He neither borrowed the car nor stole it.

            D. He denied borrowing and stealing the car.

89. You can use it as long as you like and it won’t wear out.

            A. You can use it provided it doesn’t wear out.

            B. No matter how long you use it, it won’t wear out.

            C. No matter what you use, it doesn’t wear out.

            D. You can use it so long as it wears out.

90. As soon as he wanted his hand, she turned away.

            A. He saw her turn away and he waved his hand.

            B. No sooner had he waved his hand when she turned away.

            C. He waved his hand and at once she turned away.

            D. She turned away bacause he waved his hand soon.