Unit 2 :   Cultural diversity  

I. Phonetics

1. Choose the words with the different pronunciation of the underlined part.

1.         A. missed                    B.failed                      C. coughed                  D. jumped

2.         A. plan                        B. romantic                 C. majority                  D. marriage

3.         A. dates                       B. halves                     C. speeds                     D. countries

4.         A. trust                        B. culture                    C. husband                  D. curtain

5.         A. law                         B. sport                       C. country                   D. thought

6.         A. get                          B. gesture                    C. graduate                 D. guideline

7.         A. think                       B. anthem                    C. though                    D. birthday

8.         A. son                          B. burn                        C. sun                          D. won

9.         A. certain                    B. equal                       C. record                    D. demand

10.                 A. too B. school                     C. balloon                   D. flood

2. Choose the word with the different stress pattern.

11.       A. parents                    B. prefer                      C. confirm                   D. allow

12.       A. grocery                   B. history                    C. delicious                 D. celebrate

13.       A. family                     B. hospital                  C. cultural                  D. romantic

14.       A. resposible               B. education           C. information             D. complicated

15.       A. reply                       B. order                       C. appear                     D. protect

16.       A. beauty                    B. attempt                  C. dinner                    D. motion

17.       A. attractive                B. unhappy                  C. decisive                 D. generous

18.       A. cover                      B. open                        C. explain                    D. answer

19.       A. precede                   B. happen                    C. create                      D. contain

20.       A. significant              B. integration             C. conversation        D. independence


II. vocabulary

1.      Choose the wor d or phrase which best fits each gap of the sentence.

21. Adictionary helps you ............. the meaning of words.

            A. fetch                      B. determine               C. look up                   D. look up to

22. A(n) .............. family consists og three or four generations living together.

            A. big                         B. extended                C. widened                             D. nuclear

23. Members of our family have very close .............. with each other.

            A. love                        B. feeling                    C. connection              D. relationship

24. We are ............. a survey about how people spend their free time.

            A. carrying                  B. working                  C. conducting             D. performing

25. Women are demanding ............... pay for ............... work.

            A. same                       B. similar                     C. identical                  D. equal

26. My mother ................ her career as a secretary before marriage to become a good housewife and mother.

            A. developed              B. sacrificed                C. interrupted              D. continued

27. He was ............... to leave school because he couldn’t afford the fees.

            A. obliged                               B. willing                  C. able                        D. make

28. One of the typical ................. of the Vietnamese culture is workshiping ancestors.

            A. actions                    B. methods                  C. advantages             D. features

29. It’s impolite to ask question about someone’s .................. in many countries.

            A. money                    B. income                    C. private                    D. occupation

30. A true friend is someone you can ................ your secret with.

            A. tell                         B. report                      C. share                       D. confide


2.      Choose the word which best fits each gap of the passage.

If dancing isn’t your thing, perhaps you (31) ................ singing? Everyone know that karaoke comes from Japan, but it is not the Japanese for ‘drunk and tone-deaf’ as you might think. It (32) ............... means ‘empty orchestra’. It all started in a small music (33) .............. in the city of Kobe. One night, when the usual guitarist didn’t (34) ..............., the desperate bar owner recorded some music and invited his (35) ............... to sing instead. The craze soon (36) ................. and special karaoke machines were invented.

The idea was that however (37) ............... you sang everyone applauded at the end and it proved the perfect (38) ............... for stressful Japanese businessmen to relax. Today, you can find karaoke bars all over the world. It is so (39) .................. in China that restaurants normally have several karaoke machines going at the same (40) ................ . As one karaoke fan says, it’s something everyone should try at least once in their life.

31.       A. prefer                      B. like                          C. hate                         D. interest

32.       A. surely                      B. clearly                     C. actually                  D. obviously

33.       A. shop                        B. stage                      C. tool                         D. bar

34.       A. turn off                   B. turn on                   C. turn up                    D. turn down

35.       A. clients                     B. guests                     C. customers            D. shopkeepers

36.       A.widened                   B. spread                   C. stretched                 D. came over

37.       A. well                       B. badly                      C. beautifully           D. professionally

38.       A. way                    B. road                        C. thing                        D. behaviour

39.       A. famous                   B. popular                   C. well-known             D. favourable

40.       A. hour                       B. moment                  C. time                        D. times


III. grammar

1.      Choose  the word or phrase which bests fits each gap of the sentence.

41. He’s a voluntary Australian teacher. He .............. English in five different countries.

            A. teaches                   B. taught                   C. has taught               D. had taught

42. Where do you think we ................. advertise our new products?

            A. should                    B. may                         C. ought                     D. used to

43. They asked us .................. any noise during the performance.

            A. to make               B. not to make            C. don’t make             D. didn’t make

44. I’m sorry I wasn’t here earlier but I came ................. I could.

            A. if                             B. when                       C. until                        D. as soon as

45. Do you think I could borrow that book after you .................. reading it?

            A. finish                      B. finishing                 C. have finished          D. will finish

46. She .............. in a lot of major films before retirement last year.

            A. stars                     B. starred                    C. have starred            D. had starred

47. Mike is on business in London but he .................. back on Sarturday for your party.

            A. fly                           B. is flying                  C. will fly                    D. will come

48. If I ............... out late, I always ................. a taxi home.

        A. stay/ get               B. will stay/ get           C. stay/ will get        D. will stay/ will get

49. Is this knife for ............... vegetable?

            A. lift                         B. lifting                      C. peel                         D. peeling

50. I expect to find you ............... hard when I get back.

        A. worked                   B. working                  C. be working              D. have worked


2.      Choose the word or phrase which best fits each gap of the passage.

Have you ever wondered where the modern disco (51) ..............? Before the Second World War, men and women (52) ............... to night clubs danced in couples to live band. BUt in Paris, during the war, jazz bands (53) ................ in clubs. People still wanted (54) ................ so they took along their grammophone players instead and the vary first discotheques were (55) ................ . The idea remained popular after the war because it was (56) .............. to pay a DJ than a whole band and soon Parisian discotheques were copied in the USA and other countries.

It was the arrival of a dance craze called ‘The Twist’ in 1961 (57) ................ really made discos, as for the first time couples danced without (58) .............. each other. Fashion, music and technology (59) ........... quite a bit since then but the dasic idea has never lost (60) .............. popularity.

51.       A. start                        B. starts                     C. started                    D. had started

52.       A. going                      B. went                       C. who go                    D. had gone

53.       A. was banned          B. were banned          C. was allowed          D. were allowed

54.       A. dance                      B. dancing             C. to dance                  D. and danced

55.       A. set                           B. created                    C. made                       D. done

56.       A. cheaper                   B. more cheap             C. more cheaper          D. cheapest

57.       A. if                             B. and                         C. that                        D. when

58.       A. touch                  B. touching              C. a touch                    D. being touched

59.       A. moved                    B. will move                C. have moved            D. had moved

60.       A. it                             B. its                            C. their                        D. theirs


IV. reading comprehension

1.      Read the passage and choose the best answer.

If you show up a bit late for a meeting in Brazil, no one will be too worried. But if you keep someone in New York waiting for ten or fifteen minutes, you may have some explaining to do. Time is seen as relatively flexible in some cultures but it viewed more rigidly in others.

Back in the 1950s, anthropologist Edward Hall described how the sicial rules of time are like a ‘silent language’ for a given culture. He described how variations in the perception of time can lead to misunderstandings between people from separate countries. “An ambassador who has been kept waiting by foreign visitors need to understand that if his visitor just mutters an apology, this is not necessarily an insult,” Hall wrote.

Social psychologist Robert Levine has conducted so-called pace-of-life studies in 31 countries. He ranked the countries by measuring three things : Walking speed on urban sidewalks, how quickly postal clerks could fulfil a request for a common stamp and the accuracy of public clocks.

Kevin Birth, an anthropologist, has examined time perception in Trinidad. There, if someone is meeting friends at 6.00 p.m., people show up at 6.45 or 7.00 and say ‘any time is Trinidad time’. “You can’t simply go into a society and ask someone. ‘Tell me about your conception of time’, Bith says. “You have to come up with other ways to find out”.

61. According to the text, time cultures

            A. are relatively similar in countries.

            B. accept flexbility in most countries.

            C. vary from society to society.

            D. tell you nothing about countries.

62. Edward used the example of the ambassador to show that

            A. people in power are easily consulted.

            B. problems can be caused by different views of time.

            C. rules of time are different now from in the past.

            D. misunderstandings over time can be avoided.

63. From the text, we can understand that the rules of time in different countries

            A. are easily for people to work out.

            B. can be perceived the same.

            C. cause no serious problems.

            D. might not be made explicit to you.

64. In his research, Robert Levine measured the speed at which postal workers

            A. oerformed a task.

            B. delivered letters.

            C. learned a new skill.

            D. answered a question.

65. Birth finds there is often a difference between

            A. what community and what indiduals think about time.

            B. people’s practical and theoretical attitudes to time.

            C. what people behave and what they think.

            D. people’s past and present attitudes to time.


2.      Read the passage and choose the best answer.

Don’t be surprised if people you don’t know well ask you how much you earn and how much your car costs. this is quite normal in Singapore. If you are invited for a meal, people will always offer you a second helping. You should always say ‘No’, so as not to appear greedy. This will be understood and your host will give you more anyway.

In Britain, it is impolite to ask someone about money or age. However, if you arrange to meet someone, try not to be more than a few minutes late. On trains, people tend to sit in silence and read. If you try start a concersation with the person next to you, don’t be surprised if you don’t get much of a response.

 In Thailand, it is quite normal to visit people at home without being invited. It is rude to point at people with your finger but do it by nodding your head instead. The head is considered the most spiritual part of the body and the feet the dirtest part. So never out your feet up on a chair or a desk.

66. According to the passage, in which country it is not impolite to ask about someone’s salary or wages?

            A. Thailand.

            B. Singapore.

            C. Britain.

            D. All these countries.

67. As a guest for dinner, you may want to have more food but it is better to refuse when offered.

            A. say ‘No, thanks.’

            B. say ‘I’d love to.’

            C. say ‘Yes, please.’

            D. say ‘You’re welcome’

68. Punctuality is important here.

            A. in Thailand.

            B. in Singapore.

            C. in Britain.

            D. Not mentioned in the passage.

69. In Britain, people tend to keep their privacy

            A. in acar.

            B. when travelling to work

            C. at home

            D. on trains.

70. The Thai considered the head the most spiritual part of the body.

            A. the most respectable

            B. the most attractive

            C. the highest

            D. the most admirable


V. use of english

1. Choose the underlined word or phrase in each sentence that needs correcting.

71. It (A) took me (B) ages to get used to (C) drive (D) at speed on the highway.

72. Silk (A) is one of (B) the most popular (C) material (D) to make ao dai.

73. My (A) whole family (B) decided to come (C) to live in this town (D) for twenty years ago.

74. In our country it is (A) quite normal (B) to visit people (C) at home without (D) invited.

75. (A) Although she (B) has been cooking for many years, Ahn hasn’t known (C) how to cook (D) tradition English foods in the right way.

76. He works (A) as a doctor and (B) earns (C) twice as much as his sister (D) do.

77. Some students (A) seems (B) unable (C) to present a topic (D) in front of an audience.

78. I (A) will tell Jim (B) about the plan we have agreed (C) on when I (D) will meet him tomorrow.

79. (A) Most children enjoy (B) telling (C) ghost stories, (D) especially at night.

80. You shouldn’t ask (A) someone (B) how much (C) they earn and how much they pay (D) about something.


2. Choose the corret sentence with the same meaning as the one in italics.

81. I found him smoking by the window.

            A. When I came, he was by the window.

            B. I was smoking when he came.

            C. I thought he was smoking by the window.

            D. When I saw him, he was smoking by the window.

82. They think the owner of the house is abroad.

            A. The owner of the house is thought to be abroad.

            B. They are sure of the owner of the house.

            C. The owner of the house is to be abroad.

            D. The owner of the house is thought abroad.

83. We got lost because we had no map with us.

            A. If we had a map with us, we wouldn’t get lost.

            B. We wouldn’t have got lost unless we had had a map with us.

            C. If we had had a map with us, we wouldn’t have got lost.

            D. Without a map, we will get lost.

84. The heavy rain made it impossible for us to have out picnic.

            A. The heavy rain enabled us to have a picnic.

            B. We couldn’t have our picnic because of the heavy rain.

            C. We went on a picnic in spite of the rain.

            D. All are correct.

85. Although he had a bad cold, Williams still went to work.

            A. Williams still went to work in spite of his bad cold.

            B. Williams still went to work because of his bad cold.

            C. Williams still had a bad cold in spite of his work.            

            D. Having a bad cold, Williams didn’t go to work.

86. The doctor advised me to rest.

            A. The doctor wanted to rest .

            B. The doctor suggested that I should rest.

            C. The doctor’s advice is that I have to rest.

            D. The doctor suggested me to rest.

87. I would do anything for you.

            A. There’s everything I wouldn’t do for you.

            B. There’s many things I wouldn’t do for you.

            C. There is nothing I would do for you.

            D. There is nothing I wouldn’t do for you.

88. She didn’t say a word when she left the room.

            A. She left the room, saying a word.

            B. Leaving the room, she said nothing.

            C. She left the room without saying a word.

            D. B and C are correct.

89. Their teacher is making them study hard these days.

            A. Their teacher is asking them to study hard these days.

            B. They are being made study hard these days by their teacher.

            C. They are being made to study hard these days by their teacher.

            D. Making them study hard these days are the teacher’s study.

90. Even though I admire his knowledge, I don’t like his manners.

            A. Although I admire his knowledge, but I don’t like his manners.

            B. Much as I admire his knowledge, I don’t like his manners.

            C. Because I admire his knowledge, I don’t like his manners.

            D. I admire his knowledge as well as his manners.